Tunisia maintains its Maghreb leadership in the ranking of the most innovative countries, ranking 71st by the Global Innovation Index 2021.
The ranking by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) published on September 20screens 132 countries in an attempt to assess their innovation index.
The Global Innovation Index is calculated on the basis of 80 indicators divided into two categories: inputs (human resources, infrastructure, research & development) and outputs (creativity, knowledge and technology).
Tunisia is ranked 35th in knowledge and technology, 75th in institutions, 80th in creative outputs, 89th in infrastructure, 98th in market sophistication and 114th in business sophistication.
Internationally, Switzerland holds the top spot for the 11th consecutive year, followed by Sweden and the United States. Just behind, in 4th and 5th place on the Global Innovation Index, are the United Kingdom and South Korea.
The index is a ranking of the innovation capabilities and performance of global economies. It measures innovation across criteria such as institutions, human capital and research, infrastructure, credit, investment, linkages, knowledge creation, absorption and diffusion, and creative outcomes.