The latest session of the UN Commission on Sustainable Development got under way at the UN headquarters in New York on Monday with delegates focusing attention on how best to maintain economic development.
They will also seek ways to limit the current consumption trends that cause environmental degradation.
“Changing unsustainable consumption patterns is critical to maintaining our planet’s ecological balance,” Sha Zukang, the UN Under Secretary- General for Economic and Social Affairs, told the commission at the opening session.
He said: “If we are going to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), address climate change and ensure every person is given a fair chance for a better future, we need to seriously change the way we consume the earth’s resources.”
The 18th session of the UN commission on sustainable use of the world’s resources is taking place amid growing concerns that present consumer- oriented trends have potentially damaging effects on ecosystems, climate, food and water supplies an human health.
The commission will be reviewing ways to assist countries to come up with environmentally-friendly technologies and help corporations to develop greener business models and consumers to adopt lifestyles that are more sustainable.
The session, which is slated to last until 14 May, will also start a new two-year cycle that will review waste management, transport, chemicals, mining and the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production.
It will also discuss sustainable development in small island developing countries.
The commission noted that with the earth’s current population of 6.75 billion, consumption and production volumes are expected to continue to rise with demographic growth, severely straining ecosystems.
Over 60 per cent of the ecosystem services are being degraded or unsustainably used, it added.
It also said that the rate of resource consumption had not been evenly shared, with 20 per cent of the population in the highest income countries accounting for 77 per cent of total consumption in 2005, while the poorest 20 per cent used only 1.3 per cent.
“Sustainable development requires a transformation of values and principles that directly influence development strategies and lifestyles,” said Luis Alberto Ferrate Felice, Guatemala’s Environment and Natural Resources Minister and chair of the commission.
He said the meeting would serve as the basis for mobilizing political will for identifying concrete policy actions and measures, as well as partnerships to accelerate the implementation.”
Ministers from nearly half of the UN member states are expected to attend the high-level segment of the commission on 12-14 May.
Representatives from over 1,000 major groups are also expected to attend.
The commission will also serve as the launch pad for discussions on the UN Conference on Sustainable Development to be held in 2012.